S. Kosmella, B. Klemke, I. Häusler, J. Koetz
From gel-like Pickering emulsions to highly ordered superparamagnetic magnetite aggregates with embedded gold nanoparticles
Colloids and Surfaces A 2019, 570, 331-338
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2019.03.017
Pickering emulsions with two types of nanoparticles, i.e., superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticles dispersed in n-hexane and gold nanoparticles dispersed in water, were formed by rigorous mixing in presence of surface active polymeric surfactants. Monodisperse magnetite nanoparticles with a mean particle size of 4 nm were obtained by a microwave-assisted synthesis in n-hexane in presence of oleic acid, and gold nanoparticles were produced in aqueous solution in presence of the hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) (PEI) or sodium citrate as reducing and stabilizing agent. After mixing the prepared nanoparticle dispersions in presence of the Pluronics an intermediate gel-like phase is formed. The Pickering emulsion droplets in the intermediate phase are stabilized by both types of nanoparticles, as to be seen by cryo-SEM micrographs. After separating, solvent evaporation and redispersion in water highly ordered Pluronic-stabilized superparamagnetic magnetite nanoparticle aggregates with embedded gold nanoparticles can be obtained.
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