T. Krüger, A. Kelling, T. Linker, U. Schilde
Crystal structures of three cyclohexane-based spirolactams: determination of configurations and conformations
BMC Chemistry 2019, 13:69, 1-9
DOI: 10.1186/s13065-019-0586-7
The title compounds, 2-azaspiro[4.5]deca-1-one, C9H15NO, (1a), cis-8-methyl-2-azaspiro[4.5]deca-1-one, C10H17NO, (1b), and trans-8-methyl-2-azaspiro[4.5]deca-1-one, C10H17NO, (1c), were synthesized from benzoic acids 2 in only 3 steps in high yields. Crystallization from n-hexane afforded single crystals, suitable for X-ray diffraction. Thus, the configurations, conformations, and interesting crystal packing effects have been determined unequivocally. The bicyclic skeleton consists of a lactam ring, attached by a spiro junction to a cyclohexane ring. The lactam ring adopts an envelope conformation and the cyclohexane ring has a chair conformation. The main difference between compound 1b and compound 1c is the position of the carbonyl group on the 2-pyrrolidine ring with respect to the methyl group on the 8-position of the cyclohexane ring, which is cis (1b) or trans (1c). A remarkable feature of all three compounds is the existence of a mirror plane within the molecule. Given that all compounds crystallize in centrosymmetric space groups, the packing always contains interesting enantiomer-like pairs. Finally, the structures are stabilized by intermolecular N–H···O hydrogen bonds.
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