Y. Bourgat, B. Tiersch, J. Koetz, H. Menzel
Enzyme Degradable Polymersomes from Chitosan-g-[poly-l-lysine-block-ε-caprolactone] Copolymer
Macromolecular Bioscience 2020, 2000259
DOI: 10.1002/mabi.202000259
The scope of this study includes the synthesis of chitosan-g-[peptide-poly-ε-caprolactone] and its self-assembly into polymeric vesicles employing the solvent shift method. In this way, well-defined core–shell structures suitable for encapsulation of drugs are generated. The hydrophobic polycaprolactone side-chain and the hydrophilic chitosan backbone are linked via an enzymecleavable peptide. The synthetic route involves the functionalization of chitosan with maleimide groups and the preparation of polycaprolactone with alkyne end-groups. A peptide functionalized with a thiol group on one side and an azide group on the other side is prepared. Thiol-ene click-chemistry and azide–alkyne Huisgen cycloaddition are then used to link the chitosan and poly-ε-caprolactone chains, respectively, with this peptide. For a preliminary study, poly-l-lysin is a readily available and cleavable peptide that is introduced to investigate the feasibility of the system. The size and shape of the polymersomes are studied by dynamic light scattering and cryo-scanning electron microscopy. Furthermore, degradability is studied by incubating the polymersomes with two enzymes, trypsin and chitosanase. A dispersion of polymersomes is used to coat titanium plates and to further test the stability against enzymatic degradation.
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