L. Olejko, P. J. Cywinski, I. Bald
Ion-Selective Formation of a Guanine Quadruplex on DNA Origami Structures
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 673-677
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201409278
DNA origami nanostructures are a versatile tool that can be used to arrange functionalities with high local control to study molecular processes at a single-molecule level. Here, we demonstrate that DNA origami substrates can be used to suppress the formation of specific guanine (G) quadruplex structures from telomeric DNA. The folding of telomeres into G-quadruplex structures in the presence of monovalent cations (e.g. Na+ and K+) is currently used for the detection of K+ ions, however, with insufficient selectivity towards Na+. By means of FRET between two suitable dyes attached to the 3'- and 5’-ends of telomeric DNA we demonstrate that the formation of G- quadruplexes on DNA origami templates in the presence of sodium ions is suppressed due to steric hindrance. Hence, telomeric DNA attached to DNA origami structures represents a highly sensitive and selective detection tool for potassium ions even in the presence of high concentrations of sodium ions.
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